Orinoco Delta in Venezuela

The emergence of the Orinoco Delta

The Orinoco Delta is located in northeastern Venezuela. This vast geographical region covers the territory of two Venezuelan states, as the Orinoco River flows through Monagas and Delta Amacuro before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean. The first mention of this area dates back to 1498, when Columbus spotted the mouth of this large South American river during his third voyage. However, the first European explorers did not make it into the Orinoco Delta until the mid-15th century, and it took more than three centuries to document the characteristics of this 8,700-square mile area.

The weather in the Orinoco Delta

The weather in the Orinoco Delta is best described as tropical humid. Average temperatures do not change much, as they range between 26°C and 32°C with a slight drop at night. High humidity levels and a high volume of rainfall are also characteristics of the climate in the area. The rainy season runs between May and November, with July and August being the hottest and most humid months. The coolest months are December, to February. During the rainy season the river's water levels can vary by more than 42 feet, and the dry months bring a series of tides that change the landscape of the delta. Both seasons are great for visiting the area, so the Orinoco Delta is a year-round destination.

Nature and animals in the Orinoco Delta

A trip to the Orinoco Delta will take visitors through swamp forests, wetlands, and mangroves. The variety of natural environments has contributed to the huge bio-diversity that characterises this river delta, and as an added bonus, visitors to the area are more likely to sport the numerous forms of wildlife in the delta than they are in the Amazon rainforest. A trip to the Orinoco Delta will allow you to see the habitat of macaws, toucans, cormorants, cormorants, falcons, buggies, jaguars, ocelots, pumas, capuchin monkeys, manatees, giant otters capybaras, dolphins, caymans, iguanas, coral snakes, turtles, and countless species of waterbirds, many of which are endemic to the delta.

Indians in the Orinoco Delta

The Orinoco Delta is also home to aproximately 20,000 Warao people, which have been living in the area for the past 6,000 years. The name Warao itself means “boat people”, and this indicates just how intertwined the culture of these communities is with the river. The Warao are experts at canoe-making, as this is the only transportation method available in certain parts of the Orinoco Delta. These communities make the most of the natural environment they inhabit, using moriche palms to construct everything from stilt houses to ropes, hammocks, and boats. Many visitors are surprised to find out that the violin is the most common musical instrument among the Warao.

Camps and Tours in the Orinoco Delta

Seen from above, the Orinoco Delta looks like a labyrinth woven with waterways. In fact, there isn't a single river mouth, but thirty-seven, which gives visitors wide range of options when it comes to planning a trip there. The cities of Ciudad Guayana, Maturín, and Tucupita are great introductions to the Orinoco Delta, and tours can easily be arranged there. While it is possible to take day trips to the upper delta, it is recommended to spend at least three days touring the area. Visitors can overnight in floating hotels, Warao stilt homes, ranches in the middle of the rainforest, eco-lodges, and cabins. Some not-to-be-missed activities in the Orinoco Delta include jungle treks, canoe and fishing trips, wildlife night safaris, and visits to buffalo farms. Do not miss your chance to experience the pristine beauty of the Orinoco Delta! Tours you will find here