Mochima in Venezuela

A brief history of Mochima National Park

Mochima is a national park located in the northeastern corner of the Venezuelan coast. The park can be reached from the towns of Cumana, Barcelona, and Puerto La Cruz, and it occupies approximately 234,000 acres in the Anzoategui and Sucre states. Geologists believe that the area around Mochima came into existence millions of years ago, when rocks that were submerged in the ocean were exposed to very high temperatures that made them rise to the surface, creating dozens of islands and rough mountainous terrain. Over the millennia, the area around Mochima evolved geologically, giving rise to abrupt cliffs, deep valleys, and numerous rivers and creeks. This area was designated as a national park in December 1973, with the objective of protecting the outstanding beauty and biodiversity of its unique natural habitats.

The weather in Mochima

Mochima National Park is located by the Caribbean Sea. This means that the area enjoys a warm tropical climate throughout the year. Being on the coast, humidity is generally high in Mochima. Temperatures do not vary significantly throughout the year, and the average temperature in the park ranges between 24º C and 28º C. The park receives a substantial amount of rainfall, which goes from 5.9 inches during the dry season (roughly between December to April) to 83 inches during the rainy season (May to November). Water temperatures typically range between 23º C and 29º C during the hottest months (July to November). The lowest water temperatures in Mochima take place between December and March, when they hover around 25º C. The pleasant water temperatures and great visibility make Mochima ideal for the practice of watersports, like snorkelling and diving.

Nature and animals in Mochima

Mochima is mostly a marine park (and the second oldest of its kind in Venezuela). The park is home to vast areas of red and black mangroves and to a rich marine ecosystem. In addition to mangrove forests and coral reefs, visitors to Mochima will be able to spot many types of cacti, ferns, shrubs, and orchids. All in all, there are more than 150 animal species in Mochima. Most of these are mammal species, of which the park has nearly 80. There are also 28 reptile species in the area, including several sea turtles that are currently endangered. Dozens of the bird species found in Mochima are endemic to the area. Visitors to Mochima can easily spot iguanas, dolphins, lizards, capuchin monkeys, foxes, deers, rabbits, seagulls, pelicans, and colourful frogs. This national parks has one of the highest rates of dolphin sightings in the whole world.

Boat trips in Mochima

Boat trips are one of the most popular activities in Mochima National Park and one of the best ways of exploring the area and getting to know its natural beauty. A good place for visitors who want to arrange boat tours around the park is the quaint fishing village of Mochima, located inside the park boundaries. Fishing boats can take tourists across the bay, and in less than 20 minutes you will be in Playa Blanca, a stunning white sand beach that is very popular with snorkelers. Another option is to go for a diving boat tour. These can last anything between 2 hours and a full day. Some of the things that divers can expect to see in Mochima are a set of giant underwater geysers and the remains of a shipwrecked cocoa freighter than sunk more than 150 years ago. Those who simply want to relax can arrange boat tours to spectacular beaches like Playa Colorada, Las Maritas, Cautaro, and Playa Santa fe. Boat tours in Venezuela here